The Maritime Human Resource Institute,Japan was established as a new public service corporation by integrating The Foundation Marine Promotion Association of Japan and The Foundation Mercantile Marine Institute of Japan (The business of The Foundation Maritime Labour Research Institute had been succeeded in the previous year) on 1st April 2007.
The main reason for the integration was to have all trainee pilots received the same financing and training under ‘ The new cultivation system for pilots'.
This institute has two important functions. Firstly, to support the new cultivation system for pilots and secondly, the continuance of the businesses,which were conducted by the previous foundaions.
Over the past few years, the number of Japanese officers has decreased. Consequently, the sustaining of pilots responsible for safety at sea has become extremely difficult.
To cope with this decrease the Ministry Land, Infrastructure and Transportation (MLIT),Japan has relaxed its rules regarding the qualifications required for a new pilot. Under the new rules it is no longer a prerequisite that a pilot is required to have captain's experience. Additionally, MLIT has established the aforementioned pilot cultivation system.
A new 3-step license system has been introduced. A trainee pilot is required to complete mandatory subjects at a certain training facility in Japan which was authorized by the MLIT in order to be certified.
As a result it was necessary to establish the training time frame and the costing system.
This institute provides the economic backing for trainee pilots.
Furthermore, this institute is actively engaged in improving the technology of the operation of ships and pilot ships in harbour or inland sea, upgrading competence of those engaged in such work i.e. seafarers, and other programs which promote maritime technology.
All of these contribute to the increased safety and efficiency of the operation of ships and the protection of the maritime environment.